10's and 18's

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Must be memorized to Succeed!


The 10's



Keep informed of fire weather conditions and forecasts.

Know what the fire is doing at all times.

Base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire.

Identify escape routes and safety zones and make them known.

Post lookouts when there is possible danger.

Be alert. Keep calm. Think clearly. Act decisively.

Maintain prompt communications with your forces, your supervisor,
and adjoining forces.

Give clear instructions and be sure they are understood.

Maintain control of your forces at all times.

Fight fire aggressively, having provided for safety first.

The 18's



Fire not scouted and sized up.

In country not seen in daylight.

Safety zones and escape routes not identified.

Unfamiliar with weather and local factors influencing fire behavior.

Uninformed on strategy, tactics, and hazards.

Instructions and assignments not clear.

No communication link with crew members or supervisor.

Constructing line without safe anchor point.

Building fireline downhill with fire below.

Attempting frontal assault on fire.

Unburned fuel between you and fire.

Cannot see main fire; not in contact with someone who can.

On a hillside where rolling material can ignite fuel below.

Weather becoming hotter and drier.

Wind increases and/or changes direction.

Getting frequent spot fires across line.

Terrain and fuels make escape to safety zones difficult.

Taking a nap near fireline.